This recipe demonstrates how to run Singularity on your Mac via Vagrant and Ubuntu. The recipe requires access to
brew which is a package installation subsystem for OS X. This recipe may take anywhere from 5-20 minutes to complete.
First, install brew if you do not have it already.
/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
Next, install Vagrant and the necessary bits.
brew cask install virtualbox brew cask install vagrant brew cask install vagrant-manager
Option 1: Singularityware Vagrant Box
For other versions of Singularity see our Vagrant Cloud repository.
mkdir singularity-vm cd singularity-vm
Note that if you have installed a previous version of the vm, you can either destroy it first, or create a new directory.
Then issue the following commands to bring up the Virtual Machine:
vagrant init singularityware/singularity-2.4 vagrant up vagrant ssh
You are then ready to go with Singularity 2.4!
vagrant@vagrant:~$ which singularity /usr/local/bin/singularity vagrant@vagrant:~$ singularity --version 2.4-dist vagrant@vagrant:~$ sudo singularity build growl-llo-world.simg shub://vsoch/hello-world Cache folder set to /root/.singularity/shub Progress |===================================| 100.0% Building from local image: /root/.singularity/shub/vsoch-hello-world-master.simg Building Singularity image... Singularity container built: growl-llo-world.simg Cleaning up... vagrant@vagrant:~$ ./growl-llo-world.simg RaawwWWWWWRRRR!!
Note that when you do
vagrant up you can also select the provider, if you use vagrant for multiple providers. For example:
vagrant up --provider virtualbox
although this isn’t entirely necessary if you only have it configured for virtualbox.
Option 2: Vagrant Box from Scratch (more advanced alternative)
If you want to get more familiar with how Vagrant and VirtualBox work, you can instead build your own Vagrant Box from scratch. In this case, we will use the Vagrantfile for
bento/ubuntu-16.04, however you could also try any of the other bento boxes that are equally delicious. As before, you should first make a separate directory for your Vagrantfile, and then init a base image.
mkdir singularity-2.4 cd singularity-2.4 vagrant init bento/ubuntu-16.04
Next, build and start the vagrant hosted VM, and you will install Singularity by sending the entire install script as a command (with the
-c argument). You could just as easily shell into the box first with vagrant ssh, and then run these commands on your own. To each bento, his own.
vagrant up --provider virtualbox # Run the necessary commands within the VM to install Singularity vagrant ssh -c /bin/sh <<EOF sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get -y install build-essential curl git sudo man vim autoconf libtool git clone https://github.com/singularityware/singularity.git cd singularity ./autogen.sh ./configure --prefix=/usr/local make sudo make install EOF
At this point, Singularity is installed in your Vagrant Ubuntu VM! Now you can use Singularity as you would normally by logging into the VM directly
Remember that the VM is running in the background because we started it via the command
vagrant up. You can shut the VM down using the command
vagrant halt when you no longer need it.